List of Recurring Sources:

AWM: Australian War Memorial Fact Sheet []

“B&J”: Jacob Bercovitch and Richard Jackson, International Conflict : A Chronological Encyclopedia of Conflicts and Their Management 1945-1995 (1997)

Blair, Clay, The Forgotten War (1987)

Britannica, 15th edition, 1992 printing

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Africa (1981)

The Cambridge History of Africa (1986), ed. J. D. Fage and R. Oliver

CDI: The Center for Defense Information, The Defense Monitor, "The World At War: January 1, 1998".

Chirot, Daniel: Modern Tyrants : the power and prevalence of evil in our age (1994)

Chomsky, Noam, The Chomsky Reader (1987); Deterring Democracy (1991)

Clodfelter, Michael, Warfare and Armed Conflict: A Statistical Reference to Casualty and Other Figures, 1618-1991; also Vietnam in Military Statistics

Compton's Encyclopedia Online v.2.0 (1997)

Courtois, Stephane, The Black Book of Communism, 1997

COWP: Correlates of War Project at the University of Michigan []

Dictionary of Twentieth Century World History, by Jan Palmowski (Oxford, 1997)

Dictionary of Wars, by George Childs Kohn (Facts on File, 1999)

DIOR: US Dept. of Defense, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports

DoD: United States Department of Defense []

Dunnigan, A Quick and Dirty Guide to War (1991)

Eckhardt, William, in World Military and Social Expenditures 1987-88 (12th ed., 1987) by Ruth Leger Sivard.

Edgerton, Robert B, Africa's armies: from honor to infamy: a history from 1791 to the present (2002)

Encarta, Microsoft Encarta '95.

Encyclopedia Americana (1995)

FAS 2000: Federation of American Scientists, The World at War (2000)

Gilbert, Martin, A History of the Twentieth Century (1997)

Global Security: The World At War []

Grenville, J. A. S., A History of the World in the Twentieth Century (1994)

Hammond Atlas of the 20th Century (1996)

Hanson, Carnage and culture (2001)

Harff, Barbara & Gurr, Ted Robert: "Toward an Empirical Theory of Genocides and Politicides", 32 International Studies Quarterly 359 (1988).

Hartman, T., A World Atlas of Military History 1945-1984 (1984)

Hastings, Max, The Korean War (1987)

Johnson, Paul, Modern Times (1983)

Kuper, Leo, Genocide: its political uses in the Twentieth Century (1981)

Kutler, Stanley: Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War (1996)

Leckie, Robert, Conflict: the history of the Korean War, 1950-53 (1962)

Levy, Jack, War in the Modern Great Power System (1983)

Lewy, Guenter, America in Vietnam (1978)

Marley, David, Wars of the Americas (1998)

Nahm, Andrew, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Korea (1993): "Nahm93"

Nahm, Andrew, Korea: tradition and transformation (1988): "Nahm88"

"Official VN": Hanoi's official tally of losses for 21 years of war: 1954-75 announced 3 April 1995

Obermeyer, Ziad. "Fifty Years of Violent War Deaths from Vietnam to Bosnia." British Medical Journal (2008)

Olson, James: Dictionary of the Vietnam War (1988)

Our Times: The Illustrated History of the 20th Century (Turner Publishing 1995)

“Pentagon”: Blair, Leckie and the Encyclopedia Americana cite Pentagon estimates for the total killed, wounded and missing in the Korean War

Ploughshares": Project Ploughshares, Armed Conflicts Report 2000

Porter, Jack Nusan, Genocide and Human Rights (1982)

Rosenbaum, Alan S., Is the Holocaust Unique? Perspectives on comparative genocide (1996)

Rummel, Rudolph J.: China's Bloody Century : Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1900 (1991); Lethal Politics : Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1917 (1990); Democide : Nazi Genocide and Mass Murder (1992); Death By Government (1994),

“S&S”": Small, Melvin & Joel David Singer, Resort to Arms : International and Civil Wars 1816-1980 (1982)

Singer, Joel David, The Wages of War. 1816-1965 (1972)

SIPRI Yearbook: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Smith, Dan: The State of War and Peace Atlas (1997); The New State of War and Peace (1991); The War Atlas (1983) with Michael Kidron

Summers, Harry, Korean War Almanac (1990); Vietnam War Almanac (1985)

Totten, Samuel, ed., Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Views (1997)

Tucker, Spencer, Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War (1998)

Wallechinsky: David Wallechinsky's Twentieth Century : History With the Boring Parts Left Out (1995).

War Annual: The World in Conflict [year] War Annual [number].

"WHPSI”: The World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators by Charles Lewis Taylor

“WPA3”: World Political Almanac, 3rd Ed. (Facts on File: 1995) by Chris Cook.

Young, Marilyn, The Vietnam Wars: 1945-1990 (1991)